Virtual Conference
Dr. Turnwait O. Michael

Dr. Turnwait O. Michael

University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Title: Family planning method discontinuation among Nigerian women: Evidence from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2018


The cessation of family planning among sexually active women who do not intend to have children increases the number of unplanned pregnancies and the risks to maternal health. This study examined the predictors of family planning method discontinuation among sexually active Nigerian women. Data from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) were used. A total of 4553 women 15-49 years of age who had stopped using family planning methods in the previous 5 years were included in the study. Descriptive and binary logistic regression were used in the analysis. Over 60% of the women sampled had stopped family planning and had no intention of having children. Respondents discontinued family planning because of adverse effects (15.2%) and method failure (12.9%). Predictors of modern family planning discontinuation were secondary education (OR = 1.302, 95% CI:1.006–1.685), Islamic religion (OR = 1.281, 95% CI:1.059-1.550), residence in the South-East geopolitical zone (OR = 0.248, 95%CI:0.195-0.316), having three or more children (OR = 0.848, 95% CI:0.735-0.978) and having paid employment (OR = 0.838, 95%CI:0.715-0.982). Socio-economic and cultural factors influence discontinuation of family planning among Nigerian women. Policy options are needed to increase family planning uptake, identify common adverse effects of family planning and focus on raising public awareness regarding the negative consequences of discontinuing family planning on individuals, families, and the nation.


Turnwait Michael received his PhD from the University of Ibadan in Nigeria at the age of 30. He works at the University of Ibadan as a social and medical demographer and as a Research Consultant for the development and Research Projects Centre (dRPC). He has over 10 years of experience in research design, monitoring and evaluation, statistical analysis, institutional strengthening, capacity building, and systematic literature review. He is a member of the Nigerian Anthropological and Sociological Practitioners Association (NASA), the Population Association of Nigeria (PAN), a professional member of the International Union for Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP), and an International Project Management Professional (IPMP) certified project manager. At the dRPC Dr. Michael is in charge of supporting research and data analysis on Nigeria's population, family planning, maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality, and child health. He provides monitoring and evaluation (M&E) support for ending gender-based violence and child marriage in West Africa. He oversees the global networks of researchers at dRPC who are working on COVID-19, digitalization, and education in Nigeria. He also has a long list of publications in reputable journals with a reasonable number of citations, as well as national and international research fellowship awards and prizes.