Dr. Patrick Kwame AkwaboahUniversity of Lethbridge, Canada
Title: Do people screen for non-communicable diseases? A cross-sectional survey in a peri-urban community in Ghana
Screening has become a key component in the fight against the rising burden of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs). This study assessed the rate of screening for NCD risk factors among residents in a per-urban community. The study was carried out in the Upper Denkyira East Municipality of Ghana, using a descriptive cross-sectional descriptive survey. Adults aged 18 to 60 years were interviewed using a convenience sampling technique. Information on socio-demographic characteristics and screening for NCD risk factors were obtained using a pretested questionnaire. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25 was used to analyze the results. Data analysis was done by descriptive statistics. A total of 136 respondents participated in the study. The mean age of respondents was 31.18±6.47, with most respondents being female (63.2%). Of the 136 respondents, 16.9% had a history of raised blood pressure, and 5.9% had a history of raised blood glucose levels. The analysis indicates that there was high screening for blood pressure (70.6%), blood glucose (64.0%), and body mass index (51.5%). There was however low screening for kidney function (27.9%) and blood cholesterol/lipids (35.3%).
Patrick Kwame Akwaboah is a physician assistant and public health professional. He has over 6 years of working experience in primary health care in Ghana, where he served as a clinician and sub-district health team leader. He holds a master of public health degree from the Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration and is currently a first-year PhD student at the University of Lethbridge, Canada. His research interest is in non-communicable diseases and physical activity. He has 2 peer-reviewed articles.